Report – The Japanese Red Cross Society’s Response to The Heavy Rain Event of July 2018
Overview of the Heavy Rain Event of July 2018
Situation of Damage (as of January 9, 2019)
Houses damaged: 50,470
Evacuees: approx. 23,000 (at peak)
Characteristics of the disaster
1.Enormous damage caused by a prolonged and widespread heavy rainfall
Flooding and landslides caused enormous damage in various areas.
Many people stayed in their own damaged home instead of going to an evacuation center. They stayed at the second floor of their home, which was safer than the first floor, since the first floor had been damaged by flood.
3.Record heat hindered restoration works
Due to the extreme heat following the disaster, many people were suffered from heatstroke, which made their evacuation life and restoration works difficult.
Red Cross Response - Facts and Figures
Activities in the affected areas
Medical assistance and psychosocial support
JRCS Medical Relief Teams from all over the country were deployed in the most affected areas of Okayama and Hiroshima Prefectures, to provide medical assistance and relief operations at the aid stations and at mobile clinics of the evacuation centers. Furthermore, in order to alleviate stress due to prolonged evacuation life, Psychosocial Support Teams assisted community patrols, local government staff and managers at evacuation centers, which is so-called “support of supporters”.
JRCS Disaster Medical Coordinators discussed medical aid framework in the affected areas with local doctors’ organizations and medical facilities so that they could easily coordinate among themselves.
Sanitation and health management/promotion
As many people whose houses were flooded had to stay at evacuation centers, the JRCS teams went around evacuation centers calling for the peoples’ attention to health and hygiene.
Medical Relief Teams also distributed elastic stockings with the people to avoid economy-class syndrome and advised them to pay attention to heatstroke.
To alleviate stress due to prolonged evacuation life, medical doctors, who had experience from the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011 or the Kumamoto Earthquake in 2016, were dispatched to give support and advice to the people.
Red Cross Disaster Relief Volunteers and Red Cross Community Volunteers assisted guiding JRCS Medical Relief Teams, so that they could easily reach the evacuation centers. Red Cross Volunteers also uploaded and transported relief items and joined the fundraising. They also addressed the importance of prevention of heatstroke and infectious diseases by maintaining evacuation centers clean.
JRCS Okayama Chapter participated in managing volunteer centers of the local social welfare councils in each community. Experiences of Red Cross volunteers were helpful for the management.
Distributing relief items
Based on the needs assessment at the evacuation centers, relief items such as blankets, sleeping kits, first-aid sets, which JRCS stored in advance, were quickly distributed with the help of Red Cross Volunteers. Oral rehydration solutions and latex gloves which were donated from private companies were distributed as well.JRCS WATSAN (Water and Sanitation) teams were deployed to the areas, which were out of water, in order to set up water tanks and washing machines for the affected people.
Voice from the affected people
Tomioka Eisaku (54)
The JRCS Medical Relief Team came to the evacuation center and treated my injured leg quickly and kindly. I wish Japanese Red Cross Society continues contributing to our society.
Suzuki Tokiko (77)
I have diabetes, but thanks to the Medical Relief Team, I could spend days comfortably at the evacuation center. I can be depended on the Japanese Red Cross Society who gives us various supports.
Thank you very much for your support
The Japanese Red Cross Society dispatched its well-trained staff members immediately after the Heavy Rain Event of July 2018 and worked for the medical service and the psychosocial support activities to help the affected people. We often received “thank you” message directly from the affected people. We strongly believe that this is the message for everybody who has supported the JRCS activities.
Through our activities, we continue delivering your heartwarming support to the people in need.
Cash Grant (Gienkin) as of 31th March 2019:
The Cash Grant is to be allocated according to the damage and to be transferred to the affected people through the Cash Distribution Committees in Okayama, Gifu, Kyoto, Ehime, Hiroshima, Kochi, Fukuoka, Shimane, Yamaguchi and Hyogo Prefectures.